Schemas are naturally developing cognitive frameworks that help us organise and interpret information about the world. Early Maladaptive Schemas (EMS) are deeply ingrained emotional and cognitive patterns that can develop in response to adverse experiences in childhood. They often operate subconsciously and, when activated, can negatively impact an individual's thoughts, feelings, behaviours, and relationships throughout life.
Identifying these EMS can help bring about positive change by increasing self-awareness, developing healthier coping strategies, and enhancing interpersonal relationships.
The YSQ-R (Yalcin et al, 2022) is a 116-item revised version of the Young Schema Questionnaire originally created by Young and Brown (2003). It assesses 20 different EMS, including new schemas replacing the original Emotional Inhibition and Punitiveness schemas: Emotional Constriction, Fear of Losing Control, Punitiveness (Self), and Punitiveness (Other). This questionnaire is available to use for free, and is intended to be used as part of a broader assessment by a suitably trained clinician.
This version has been developed by Unpack Psychology (formerly Unravel Psychology) and Dr. Oz Yalcin.
You can complete the YSQ-R Schema Questionnaire for free below:
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If you are a therapist working with Schemas, you can directly link your clients to this questionnaire with your email prefilled. Just copy and paste the below link, but replace the "YOUR@EMAIL.COM" with your own email address:
If you have questions about the development or use of the YSQ-R (including for research), please contact the questionnaire author via email at: email@example.com